Breast Abscesses in particular are extremely common and very debilitating diseases. Though breast abscesses can occur anywhere on the human body, they are most common in and around the breast area. They may also occur in other parts of the body but are most common in and around the breasts. Though most breast abscesses are purely benign, some also lead to cancer of the lymph nodes.
There are many causes of breast abscesses. Most breast abscesses, especially those that are malignant, are caused by infection with bacteria known as Staphylococcus aureus. There are a variety of other causes of infection with this bacterium, including transfer by blood or milk, and exposure to an infected nipple. When infected with this bacterium, a patient usually experiences pain and swelling of the lymph nodes in and around the infected area. Though these symptoms typically appear around one to two weeks after infection, they may appear much sooner.
Breastfeeding is known to greatly reduce the risk of developing breast abscesses, and doctors recommend this option for all women who experience mastitis. Though antibiotics may be prescribed to treat them, most women find that the infection clears up on its own without the need for further medications or treatment. In some cases, antibiotics are necessary to treat severe cases of infection and the outcome may be a loss of lactation. In these cases, the antibiotics will typically be prescribed after breastfeeding is stopped, and most doctors are happy to wait until the infection has subsided before starting medication.
Of course, there are other factors that lead to the development of breast abscesses in babies and adults alike. Infection often occurs when there is an imbalance of bacteria, particularly when antibiotics are used excessively. In addition, pregnancy and lactation increase the risk of infection because the amount of lactose in the system is higher than normal. For these and other reasons, it is important that patients who have breast infections consult with a medical professional and have them undergo tests designed to detect any underlying medical issues.
The most common complications associated with these infections include capsular contracture (closure of the breast’s tissue). This complication is most common in older women and occurs when scar tissue forms around the nipple. As a result, nipple skin thickens and becomes hard, and does not stretch properly. Although breast abscesses may look similar to warts, they are actually quite different, as they are generally made from a combination of cells and tissues, not simply skin. In addition, capsular contracture typically occurs only in individuals who are genetically predisposed to it and may not be prevented by taking regular medications. However, in some women, certain factors such as pregnancy, breastfeeding, and steroid use can contribute to the development of these types of infections.
Another common complication of breast abscesses is excessive drainage due to scar tissue buildup, which can also cause the skin to thicken and turn into a lump. Some patients find that the drainage can be so severe that it causes the skin to separate from the underlying tissue and separate from the body. Other patients find that the drainage from the nipple requires a long and painful incision, with scarring. While severe complications of this type can require a lot of surgery and require constant monitoring and drainage, patients with relatively mild cases may only need to have an incision of around three to four inches and be given antibiotics before discharge.
In most cases, patients with breast abscesses do not require drainage. Treatment involves either draining the liquid substance through a drain or through the skin of the breast. In cases where drainage is necessary, doctors may choose to use a solution of salt and tap water to reduce the swelling and apply a local anesthetic. The anesthetic can help to keep the patient comfortable during the procedure, especially in instances where the nipple is extremely tender. After drainage, the doctor may place the patient on an antibacterial pre-surgery antibiotic to avoid infection and to limit the chance for additional complications or necrosis. This antibiotic will not prevent future occurrences of inflammatory carcinomas but can be very effective in treating the symptoms that plague many women with this condition.
The most successful form of minimally invasive treatment for abscesses is using Us-guided fine-needle aspiration. Fine needle aspiration uses small, synthetic syringes that are designed to inject a combination of antibiotics and prostaglandin, allowing the surgeon to perform a targeted surgical procedure while simultaneously treating any bacterial or fungal infections that may be present. Unlike traditional open surgery, using Us-guided fine needle aspiration allows the surgeon to operate at a smaller scale and with less discomfort for the patient. If you would like to learn more about a minimally invasive treatment for abscesses in children, contact your pediatric plastic surgeon today. They will be able to evaluate your case and determine the best treatment option for you and your child.